Media     Regulation

Media Regulation

The Second Authority regulates the commercial broadcasting market by granting franchises to broadcasting entities, determining rules and guidelines for the activities of the television and radio franchise holders, and monitoring their performance.

Activities of the Second Authority aimed at maintaining the public interest in broadcast regulation:

Involvement in legislation and influencing the structure of the Israeli television and radio media sector.
Ensuring adherence to the regulations of the Law regarding cross ownership and owner verification.
Examination of broadcast schedules, their consideration of audience and taste variety, and the promotion of content reflecting public, social and cultural interest.
in television: determining the requirements for production quality (adherence to financial investment quotas and ensuring quality of production); variety in programming and content; entrenching quality standards and adherence to genre quotas, especially minimum quotas for local production and "upper" genre content at peak times; subtitles for the hearing impaired.
In radio: determining franchise regions and characterizing stations.
Upholding the rules of ethics and the guidelines of the handbook on broadcast ethics regarding topics such as freedom of expression and the public right to know, the right to respond, good taste and others.
Ensuring that broadcasted advertisements adhere to truth in advertising, do not mislead, are not violent, nor do they offend public sensibilities. Prevention of hidden advertising.
Ensuring adherence to allowable advertising quotas, times of advertising and suitability to time slot.
Monitoring of language usage by presenters, grammatical accuracy and translation precision.
Engineering monitoring of technical quality of both transmission and reception.

Means of executing regulation and monitoring

Self-initiated listening or watching radio or television broadcasts based on audience complaints.
Examination, analysis and approval of schedules based on the law and regulations, and the terms of the franchise.
Examination of select content issues raised by the public, including identification of trends and regular monitoring of broadcasts.
Determining regulations and providing directives to guide the activities of franchise holders and obligate them.

Divergence from Franchise Terms

When the Authority identifies an apparent violation of the terms of the franchise it initiates a procedure that includes an inquiry with the franchise holder and internal deliberation within the violations committee. If a violation is determined, the Authority has a number of possible enforcement tools and sanctions at its disposal, including forfeiture of financial guarantees and deprivation of advertising time (i.e. the reduction of allowable airtime devoted to advertising, which entails a loss of income for the broadcaster). The franchise holder can appeal the issue to the Authority's Director General and the Council.

Adherence to the terms of the franchise is a condition for extending the term of the franchise.

The activities of monitoring and findings are published in regular public reports.